The neurologist is a doctor who deals with the diagnosis and therapy of diseases or disorders of the nerves, muscles, and central nervous system (spinal cord and brain).
Common neurological disorders:
• disc prolapse
• multiple sclerosis
• Parkinson’s disease
• Alzheimer’s disease
• Restless legs syndrome
Common neurological complaints are:
• Low back pain
• Sleep disorder
• Movement disorders
Neurological examination methods
The first important thing is a precise medical history, i.e., a detailed discussion with your neurologist.
Many questions need to be answered, such as:
– How long have your complaints been present?
– How do they appear?
– When do you perform?
– How often do you implement it?
An exact physical examination with various function tests (coordination, muscle reflexes, muscle strength, differentiation from emotional disorders) is also essential for a proper diagnosis, and appropriate therapy.
Apparative methods of investigation
EEG – electroencephalogram (brain waveform)
The activity of the cerebral cortex generates the smallest electrical fluctuations that can be derived using electrodes. This is an entirely painless exam and takes about 20 minutes. It can provide valuable information about the functioning of the brain.
The EEG is used to clarify possible epilepsy (“convulsions”), to clarify unclear, sudden restrictions in consciousness, in the case of disorders of the central nervous system (inflammation, metabolic diseases, cerebral hemorrhage) and disorders of the brain (e.g., Alzheimer’s disease).
With the help of modern devices, it has become possible to display the carotid arteries in two or three dimensions.
The examination is used to control the flow of blood to the brain. It is of great importance in stroke prevention.
EMG / NLG:
Nerve conduction speed, muscle function test. With the help of this device, the functionality of nerve strands is examined.
With low current impulses, nerve fibers are stimulated, and the conductivity and intensity of the pulse are determined with surface electrodes. The function of muscles can also be checked with needle electrodes.
The field of psychiatry is primarily responsible for treating mental illnesses, but neurologists also take care of the psychological consequences of the diseases mentioned above. Many specialists like Rutland Specialist Clinic in neurology are also specialists in psychiatry. Neurology is considered the medical field with the most significant dynamic growth – and for two reasons: First, the number of patients has doubled in the past 15 to 20 years. If the proportion of people over 65 is currently around 20 percent, it will be more than 30 percent in 2050. This also increases the number of patients with typical old-age diseases such as stroke, dementia, or Parkinson’s disease. On the other hand, new therapies are continually being developed for conditions that were not considered treatable until a few years ago.